Endoglin and MMP14 Contribute to Ewing Sarcoma Spreading by Modulation of Cell-Matrix Interactions.

TitleEndoglin and MMP14 Contribute to Ewing Sarcoma Spreading by Modulation of Cell-Matrix Interactions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsPuerto-Camacho, P, Diaz-Martin, J, Olmedo-Pelayo, J, Bolado-Carrancio, A, Salguero-Aranda, C, Jordán-Pérez, C, Esteban-Medina, M, Alamo-Alvarez, I, Delgado-Bellido, D, Lobo-Selma, L, Dopazo, J, Sastre, A, Alonso, J, Grünewald, TGP, Bernabeu, C, Byron, A, Brunton, VG, Amaral, ATeresa, de Alava, E
JournalInt J Mol Sci
Date Published2022 Aug 04
KeywordsBone Neoplasms; Endoglin; Humans; Matrix Metalloproteinase 14; Proteomics; Receptors, Growth Factor; Sarcoma, Ewing; Signal Transduction

Endoglin (ENG) is a mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) marker typically expressed by active endothelium. This transmembrane glycoprotein is shed by matrix metalloproteinase 14 (MMP14). Our previous work demonstrated potent preclinical activity of first-in-class anti-ENG antibody-drug conjugates as a nascent strategy to eradicate Ewing sarcoma (ES), a devastating rare bone/soft tissue cancer with a putative MSC origin. We also defined a correlation between ENG and MMP14 expression in ES. Herein, we show that ENG expression is significantly associated with a dismal prognosis in a large cohort of ES patients. Moreover, both ENG/MMP14 are frequently expressed in primary ES tumors and metastasis. To deepen in their functional relevance in ES, we conducted transcriptomic and proteomic profiling of in vitro ES models that unveiled a key role of ENG and MMP14 in cell mechano-transduction. Migration and adhesion assays confirmed that loss of ENG disrupts actin filament assembly and filopodia formation, with a concomitant effect on cell spreading. Furthermore, we observed that ENG regulates cell-matrix interaction through activation of focal adhesion signaling and protein kinase C expression. In turn, loss of MMP14 contributed to a more adhesive phenotype of ES cells by modulating the transcriptional extracellular matrix dynamics. Overall, these results suggest that ENG and MMP14 exert a significant role in mediating correct spreading machinery of ES cells, impacting the aggressiveness of the disease.

Alternate JournalInt J Mol Sci
PubMed ID35955799
PubMed Central IDPMC9369355