Antibiotic resistance and metabolic profiles as functional biomarkers that accurately predict the geographic origin of city metagenomics samples.

TitleAntibiotic resistance and metabolic profiles as functional biomarkers that accurately predict the geographic origin of city metagenomics samples.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsCasimiro-Soriguer, CS, Loucera, C, Florido, JPerez, López-López, D, Dopazo, J
JournalBiol Direct
Volume14
Issue1
Pagination15
Date Published2019 08 20
ISSN1745-6150
Keywordsbiomarkers; Cities; Drug Resistance, Microbial; Machine Learning; Metabolome; Metagenome; metagenomics; Microbiota
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The availability of hundreds of city microbiome profiles allows the development of increasingly accurate predictors of the origin of a sample based on its microbiota composition. Typical microbiome studies involve the analysis of bacterial abundance profiles.RESULTS: Here we use a transformation of the conventional bacterial strain or gene abundance profiles to functional profiles that account for bacterial metabolism and other cell functionalities. These profiles are used as features for city classification in a machine learning algorithm that allows the extraction of the most relevant features for the classification.CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate here that the use of functional profiles not only predict accurately the most likely origin of a sample but also to provide an interesting functional point of view of the biogeography of the microbiota. Interestingly, we show how cities can be classified based on the observed profile of antibiotic resistances.REVIEWERS: Open peer review: Reviewed by Jin Zhuang Dou, Jing Zhou, Torsten Semmler and Eran Elhaik.

DOI10.1186/s13062-019-0246-9
Alternate JournalBiol. Direct
PubMed ID31429791
PubMed Central IDPMC6701120